Speech of Mr. Metin Kilci, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources




Speech of Mr. Metin Kilci, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, at the plenary session of ATOMEXPO 2012 International Forum.


«Nuclear Power Industry Worldwide: One Year after Fukushima» such was a subject of the plenary session within the framework of ANOREXPO 2012. The speakers represented a good variety of countries: with technologically advanced nuclear industry (France, UK and Finland), just embarking the road to launch their nuclear industry (Turkey and Belarus) as well as the Republic of South Africa, a country planning to resume its nuclear energy program. There was a general opinion: although the Fukushima accident has decreased the public confidence in the nuclear energy, but no critical decline or even negation of the necessity to develop the nuclear energy has occurred.


«Discussing the attitude toward the nuclear energy development one should distinguish the position of the Government from that of the public, - stated Mr. Metin Kilci, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of the Republic of Turkey. – If the position of the Government is chiefly motivated by the need to generate enough electric power for meeting the growing demand, ensure diversification of the fuel basket and enhance the energy safety and from this point of view it is more predictable, and the public opinion greatly depends on awareness of the public, explanatory activities and transparency of the energy development program».


Mr. Alexander Lokshin, First Deputy Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom, believes that «the negative trend, when the public confidence in the nuclear energy went down, has been overcome». According to the public opinion polls, 73% of the Russians supported the nuclear energy in 2010, after the Fukishima accident this figure dropped down to 52%, but by beginning of 2012 it grew up to 67%. The export orders demonstrate a positive movement. «If by beginning 2011 the business portfolio of the State Atomiс Energy Corporation Rosatom included 12 power units, by beginning 2012 – 21 power units».


Mr. Takuya Hattori, President of the Japan Atomic Industry Forum, believes that the process of gaining the public confidence should be split into phases. «Now it is hard to say how many years Japan will need to regain the public confidence in the NPPs».


The public opinion in Belarus is more positive. «If in 2005 only 28% of the population was in favor of the NPP construction and 46.7% was against, in 2011 59% of the population backed the development of the nuclear energy industry, and 19.7% was against it, - marked Mr. Alexander Ozerets, Minister of Energy of Belarus. – 70% of residents living in the area of the future NPP support its construction. NPP means a relatively cheap and stable electric power supply, working places and opportunities to develop the infrastructure, economy and scientific and technical potential».


The Republic of South Africa has long-term plans for NPP construction – up to 9.6 GW. The country has already operating the nuclear power generation capabilities, but the explosive growth of generation, including nuclear, is expected. Mrs. Dipuo Peters, Minister of Energy of the Republic of South Africa, told about the plans to develop the RSA nuclear generation. «Mandatory transparency of the acquisition practice is an inherent feature of the RSA nuclear industry».


The public opinion in mineral rich Canada, where the biggest uranium deposits are located, is not so favorable to the nuclear energy development, but around 20% of the Canadian power generation falls on the nuclear power plants. The UK Government postulated, that the nuclear generation can only be commercial with no State funding. Similar conditions for the nuclear energy development exist in Finland.


The Forum delegates participated in voting by responding to key issues for the nuclear energy development. About 60% of voters believe that the nuclear energy will play a dominant role to cover the energy scarcity; about 30% of voters think that despite the dominant role the nuclear energy will have to compete with other types of generation, and according to 10% of the delegates the share of the nuclear generation will gradually go down. And the safety is a key factor for the dominant role of this industry. All participants of the plenary session are positive of this. Around 60% of the voting delegates agree with it. The second important factor for the nuclear industry development is a positive public opinion, and 28.6 % of all voting delegates marked this.


Rossia-24 broadcasted the plenary session live.

Press-service of AKKUYU NPP