Nuclear industry news




04.06.2014

The first Summit on Nuclear Energy was finished in Istanbul

 

"Summit on Nuclear Energy" was held in Istanbul. The event was supported by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of the Republic of Turkey. The organizers of the event were Association of Nuclear Energy Engineers of Turkey, the Association of sustainable production and consumption of the Republic of Turkey. Project Company AKKUYU NPP JSC assisted in the formation of the business program of the event. Experts in the field of nuclear energy from Russia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, the USA, Turkey, Finland, France and Japan became the summit participants.

 

In his opening address to the guests and delegates of the Summit, the Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources, Murat Mercan said that Turkey intended to expand the participation of industry in the construction of nuclear power plant in Akkuyu and Sinop. "We expect that Turkish producers will increase the volume and quality of production through nuclear power projects", Mercan said. According to the deputy head of the Ministry of Energy of Turkey, one of the main tasks of modern governments was to provide reliable, uninterrupted power supply. The Deputy Minister stressed that Turkey's energy sector offered great opportunities for both domestic and foreign investors. During his statement Murat Mercan noted that to date, the total installed capacity of all power plants in Turkey was about 65,000 MW, and in 2023 the country would face a challenge to double this figure by attracting investments to the amount of approximately US $128 billion.

 

Murat Mercan said that to date 31 countries operated 437 nuclear power units, other 72 power units were under construction. The representative of the Ministry of Energy said that all activities within the construction of nuclear power plants in Turkey were carried out in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as well as with compliance with the relevant rules, the US and EU standards. "We shall comply with all existing international standards in the nuclear sphere. Necessary work is being carried out in this direction”, the Deputy Minister of Energy said. Mercan suggested that Turkey should actively build "a culture of the national nuclear industry." To this end, according to the Deputy Head of the Ministry of Energy, the government is taking steps to create conditions for the return to Turkey of engineers who are currently working abroad.

 

Fuad Akhundov, Chief Executive Officer of AKKUYU NPP JSC, in his statement stressed that the main emphasis of the implementation of the project would be on the safe operation of Akkuyu nuclear power plant. "I guarantee that the main priority during the project to build a nuclear power plant will be safety, regardless of the costs of this article", he said during the presentation. He noted that the theme of implementation of nuclear energy in Turkey was started to be discussed in 1956. The CEO informed during the report the participants about the Akkuyu NPP construction project and its status: "If Akkuyu NPP were now operating at full capacity, it would cover 17% of total energy consumption throughout Turkey. We are committed to construct and operate nuclear power plants and to bring the station out of service in 60 years. The total project cost is about US $20 billion. It is the largest one-time foreign investment in the Turkish economy in recent years. A large-scale project envisages the creation of opportunities for the participation of Turkish construction companies – a significant part of works will be executed by the Turkish companies. Thanks to the experience and knowledge the Turkish contractors will acquire in the implementation of the project of the first nuclear power plant construction project in the future they will be able to participate in such facilities worldwide. It is worth noting that the Turkish organizations will be involved not only in construction, installation and manufacturing of building materials, but also in the supply of machinery and equipment. The Russian companies will be responsible for the production of a nuclear reactor, as well as elements of nuclear safety. Total amount of work for Turkish contractors involved in the project can be estimated at US $6 billion."

The most advanced technological solutions in the field of nuclear engineering will be applied in the project of the first nuclear power plant in Turkey. Akkuyu NPP will be equipped with both active and passive safety systems. These systems will be operated in such a way that in case of an emergency situation, which is unlikely, the plant will stop automatically without human intervention. After the nuclear power plants enters in operation environmental parameters in the vicinity of the station will be measured on a regular basis. Measurement results will be published in the public domain. "At each stage of the project we are open to the supervisory activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK)," the Chief Executive Officer of AKKUYU NPP noted.

 

The most advanced technological solutions in the field of nuclear engineering will be applied in the project of the first nuclear power plant in Turkey. Akkuyu NPP will be equipped with both active and passive safety systems. These systems will be operated in such a way that in case of an emergency situation, which is unlikely, the plant will stop automatically without human intervention. After the nuclear power plants enters in operation environmental parameters in the vicinity of the station will be measured on a regular basis. Measurement results will be published in the public domain. "At each stage of the project we are open to the supervisory activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK)," the Chief Executive Officer of AKKUYU NPP noted.

 

Fuad Akhundov said that Turkey could become the 6th largest economy among the EU member states. According to him, the country's geopolitical situation and the rapid pace of industrial development stimulate growth in energy consumption. He said: "Given the fact that Turkey has an acute problem of energy shortage, the country needs to harness the power of nuclear energy. And today we provide Turkish companies with an excellent opportunity to increase their competence in the field of high nuclear technologies."

 

The participants of the forum were welcomed by Şule Ergün, the Chairman of the Organizing Committee of Istanbul "Summit on Nuclear Energy", Lecturer, Department of Nuclear Energy Hacettepe University, Ph.D., associate professor. She noted that the Summit, which was organized for the first time, attracted an increased interest from the investors and representatives of the Turkish academic community. Ergün said that localization of production of nuclear energy projects was selected as a main theme of the first "Summit on Nuclear Energy". "Among the topics to be discussed by participants will be nuclear safety, radioactive waste handling, various projects of NPP construction worldwide, the physical security of nuclear power plants. A separate meeting of the Summit will be devoted to the coverage of nuclear energy media. However, the main theme of the forum - the localization of production in nuclear power plant construction projects, which are of particular importance, including for Turkish investors ", Şule Ergün stated.

 

During the plenary session devoted to coverage of nuclear power by the media, the chairman of the Association of economic correspondents Turgay Türker made a detailed report on the subject. According to Türker, if we analyze the process of the formation of nuclear power industry in Turkey, it can be noted that all the way the country is constantly going through one failure after another. The speaker stressed the need for a well-organized work on a detailed awareness of the press in the field of nuclear energy, and also noted that this issue should be considered with caution, since it could pose a threat to human life and health. According to Türker, public opinion should have access to reliable sources of information to ensure that all the required safety measures in nuclear power plant construction.

 

Speaking at the summit the representative of the Institute of Technology Tokyo, Ph.D., professor Akira Omoto informed the audience about the diversified research in the field of nuclear power after the accident at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1". "Along with the development of tsunami exposure scenarios the need to explore various scenarios considering all threats and all kinds of accidents was highlighted. In particular, the accident in Fukushima has forced us to develop plans of action and interaction with the health authorities in the event of an accident at the plant", Omoto said.

 

Gerard Conier, officer of the French Atomic Energy Commissariat stressed that the accident at the plant "Fukushima-1" had already been carefully studied in France. According to Conier , in order to make the people have confidence to the nuclear industry in general, all activities in the field of nuclear energy should be carried out in compliance with the principle of transparency and openness. "For example, the public requires guarantees of safe radioactive waste handling. In France, we are actively cooperating with the Association of European nuclear regulators (ENSREG). Together with them, we have developed a number of innovative approaches, including a system, which we called "hard core security." Gerard Konier said that after the accident in Fukushima, France did not abandon the use of nuclear energy, but is rather preparing for the construction of new nuclear power plants. He noted that now the French government decided to decommission 13 research nuclear reactors and 9 NPP, since they were all built on currently obsolete projects. Herewith, Conier stressed that in the process of decommissioning nuclear facilities, population safety remained a top priority. Along with the construction of new nuclear power plants, France will organize safe decommissioning of outdated and reconstruct nuclear facilities.

 

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Senior Manager, Project Office of the State Corporation "Rosatom" for the formation of  spent nuclear fuel handling Angelica Haperskaya made a presentation on the "State System of spent nuclear fuel handling (SNF) in the Russian Federation." She informed the Summit participants in detail about the Russian program for SNF, focusing on the fact that Russia has accumulated experience in this direction. After the presentation, the Rosatom officer answered all the questions of the Summit participants.

 

Sergey Boyarkin, a representative of the National Research Nuclear University "MiFi" (MEPhI) made a presentation at the Summit on the "Present and Future of Russian nuclear technology." The Summit participants learned from the presentation about new technologies in the field of nuclear engineering, on the activities of the Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" on international markets, the degree of influence of NPP construction and operation on  national economies of the states, about technological differences between the Russian AES-2006 project and VVER reactors features. Boyarkin noted that Novovoronezhskaya NPP-2 with a VVER-1200 which was scheduled for commissioning in 2014 was a reference station for Akkuyu NPP. Sergey Boyarkin provided a detailed comprehensive information about the principles of security systems and Russian 3+ generation reactors. After the presentation, the representative of NRNU MIFI answered all the questions of the Summit participants.

 

Head of the Department for the implementation of nuclear power projects and natural resources of the Turkish Ministry of energy and natural resources Necati Yamaç in his statement noted a growth in energy consumption in Turkey and that Turkey was ranked second worldwide after China in terms of growth of energy consumption. He noted that Turkey spent US $60 billion annually on the purchase of energy, so nuclear power should play a significant role in the energy supply of the country. Head of the Department assessed the allegations that Akkuyu NPP would significantly change temperature of sea water and cause loss of fish inhabiting there calling them groundless, and thus noted that the Turkish government had established strictly defined laws regulating the temperature regime of sea water in the coastal zone. Necati Yamaç noted that the change in water temperature was only possible up to 1 degree C, which would not affect the fish population anyhow.

 

Keit Parker, Head of the British Association for the nuclear industry said that by 2030 the UK nuclear power capacity would be increased twofold, and the issues of nuclear energy in the UK were supported by prominent politicians to ordinary citizens.

 

 

Oleg Titov, Head of the Representative Office of Akkuyu NPP in his speech said: "Project company AKKUYU NPP JSC will work in Turkey for at least 100 years." Titov drew the audience's attention to the fact that the Republic of Turkey was actively working on the localization of production in the project to build the first nuclear power plant. Head of the Representative Office noted that the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey assisted the Project Company. Oleg Titov said that within the framework of the Summit representatives of the AKKUYU nuclear power plant held talks with Turkish companies regarding possible cooperation. He noted that investors from all over the world could take part in the project, and that the main work would be initiated after receiving the EIA approval (environment impact assessment).

 

 

 

Press Service of Akkuyu NPP JSC